Throat pain can have many causes. Most commonly viruses and bacteria lead to throat pain that can last from days to weeks. Viral or bacterial infection in the nose and sinus can lead to a scratchy and sore throat from post nasal drip as well as coughing and hoarseness. Infection of the tonsils is often due to streptococcus bacteria and can cause severe throat pain and fever, requiring antibiotics. Sometimes repeated infections or chronic infections require removal of the tonsils. Other causes of sore throats include allergies, reflux, tumors, and even overuse of the voice. Signs and symptoms that you should seek medical attention are:

  • Severe and persistent sore throat
  • Difficulty breathing or swallowing
  • Problems opening the mouth
  • Fever (over 101°)
  • Blood in saliva or phlegm
  • Recurrent sore throat
  • Neck swelling
  • Hoarsenes