Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo, commonly referred to as BPPV, is the most common cause of vertigo, or the sensation of spinning. It occurs when calcium deposits in the inner ear become dislodged in the inner ear.. Changes in the position of the head causes these tiny crystals to shift, triggering dizziness and vertigo.
What Causes BPPV?
It isn’t always known what causes these calcium deposits to break loose, though this is commonly the result of a head injury, inner ear infection, damage from ear surgery or prolonged back position associated with bed rest. Migraines might also play a role. Older patients are more susceptible to BPPV. Oftentimes, the exact cause of BPPV cannot be found.
What Are the Symptoms of BPPV?
BPPV is the most common cause of vertigo. The episodes of vertigo may be severe, but usually lasts for less than a minute. Other symptoms include dizziness or lightheadedness, loss of balance, blurred vision, nausea, vomiting and concentration difficulties.
How Is BPPV Treated?
BPPV can often resolve on its own. When BPPV does not go away on its own, repositioning maneuvers are usually the first step in providing relief from vertigo. Sometimes, physical therapy is needed to treat BPPV.
Call River ENT at (512) 677-6368 for more information or to schedule an appointment.